Walk-Man – The Humanoid Search and Rescue Robot

Scientists from the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (Italian Institute of Technology) and University of Pisa in Italy have developed an anthropomorphic robot that can use human tools and interact with its surrounding environment in the same way as a human. The researchers hope that the robot, colloquially known as Walk-Man, will find use in search and rescue situations that are too dangerous for humans to engage in. Lead researcher Nikos Tsagarakis believes Walk-Man will be well accommodated in ...
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X-Ray Vision, RF Capture and Emerald

A team of researchers at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL) has long believed that wireless signals like WiFi can be used to see things that are invisible to the naked eye. Since 2013, CSAIL researchers have been developing technologies that use wireless signals to track human motion. The team has shown that it can detect gestures and body movements as subtle as the rise and fall of a person’s chest from the other side of a house, allowing a mother to monitor a baby’s...
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Big Data

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers at the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) are looking to take human intuition out of big data analysis by letting computers choose the feature set used to identify predictive patterns in the data. This effort is called “Data Science Machine”. Big Data represents a huge, complex ecosystem that brings together innovative processes from across the spectrum of data analysis, storage, networking, curation, search,...
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MIT System- Learning spoken language

System learns to distinguish words’ and phonetic components without human annotation of training data. MIT researchers have developed a revolutionary new machine-learning system that can learn to distinguish spoken words and unlike its predecessors, it can also learn to distinguish lower-level phonetic units, such as syllables and phonemes. Every language has its own collection of phonemes, or the basic phonetic units from which spoken words are composed. The English language has somewhere...
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Kidney created from stem cells

Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) principal faculty at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) have established a highly efficient method for making kidney structures from stem cells derived from skin taken from patients. The kidney structures formed could be used to study abnormalities of kidney development, chronic kidney disease, and the effects of toxic drugs, and could be incorporated into bioengineered devices to treat patients with acute and chronic kidney injury. In the longer term, these me...
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Fossil teeth place humans in Asia “20,000 years early.”

The discovery of 47 human teeth from a cave in southern China has rewritten the narrative of our ancestors' spread out of Africa. Scientists excavating an area in Daoxian say the fossils belong to modern humans and date to at least 80,000 years ago. The date is 20,000 years earlier than had been previously thought, and fills a gap our knowledge on the spread of modern humans around the world. It suggests that modern humans reached southern China from Africa long before they had arrived in northe...
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GM pig organs could soon be transplanted into humans

Pig organs could soon be transplanted into patients after Harvard University scientists discovered a way to genetically modify pig DNA so it is more compatible with humans. Scientists have spent decades trying to engineer pig tissue so that it would not be rejected by the human body, but the immune system has always prevented success. A major hurdle in transplanting pig organs into humans has been overcome by the scientists. All pig DNA carries the porcine endogenous retrovirus which infects ...
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Enhancing movement with computational models.

MIT’s David Hill, a PhD student in media arts and sciences, builds computational models of human locomotion, which are the basis for designing ever-better prosthetics and his advisor, Hugh Herr, an associate professor of media arts and sciences, is a double amputee. Hill says living in the world of theoretical models can be somewhat insular, so having a real-life example of someone who can benefit from and pilot some of the work he does is part of what helps him stay focused. Human movement i...
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Miniature human kidney grown in a dish.

Miniature human kidneys have been grown in a Petri dish using stem cells as the starting point, report scientists in Australia. The mini-kidneys, measuring up to 1cm, were the equivalent of the developing organ in a 13-week-old foetus. The team say the findings, published in the journal Nature, could lead to new ways of testing drugs and eventually a way of replacing damaged kidneys. Experts said there was still a long way to go. The scientists were mimicking the process that takes place insi...
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On Understanding Sleep

Scientists find what controls waking up and going to sleep. The latest finding from an Indian-American circadian rhythms expert at Northwestern University is that he has discovered how an animal’s biological clock wakes it up in the morning and puts it to sleep at night. In a study of brain circadian neurons that govern the daily sleep-wake cycle’s timing, doctor Ravi Allada and his team found that high sodium channel activity in these neurons during the day turn the cells on and ultimatel...
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Search for better biofuels microbe’s leads to the human gut

Microbes in the human gut can digest fiber in order to ferment them into nutrients that nourish human cells. The latest research by scientists is that microbes in the human gut can digest fiber, breaking it down into simple sugars in order to ferment them into nutrients that nourish human cells. Scientists have scoured cow rumens and termite guts for microbes that can efficiently break down plant cell walls for the production of next-generation biofuels, but some of the best microbes actua...
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A revolutionary way to treat acne with nanoparticles

Lauric acid – a natural product found in coconut oil and human breast milk -- shines as a possible new acne treatment. A revolutionary and Innovative system of using ‘nano- bombs’ to treat acne has been developed by Dissaya Nu Pornpattananangkul, a doctoral bioengineering student at the University of California San Diego . Common acne also known as "acne vulgaris," afflicts more than 85 percent of teenagers and over 40 million people in the United States and current treatments have undesir...
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RoboSAM Robot can call for human help if needed

Smart Robot can assess its situation and call a human for help when it needs assistance. Researchers from the University of Maryland have developed RoboSAM (ROBOtic Smart Assistant for Manufacturing), an industrial robot smart enough to know when something is wrong, to pause and to call a human for help. The new RoboSAM, based on the Baxter industrial robot platform, is able to estimate the probability it can complete a task before beginning it, and can ask a human help if necessary. Cu...
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Kidney Transplant Breakthrough

Yokoo and his team who have found a way to grow a full-sized kidney using stem cells. The American Cancer Society estimates there will be 61,000 new cases of kidney cancer in the United States this year. About 14,000 Americans will die from the disease in 2015. Kidney cancer is rare in people under the age of 45. The average age in the United States for diagnosis is 64. Still, there are more than 100,000 people in the United States awaiting kidney transplants, according to the National Kidney...
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A House that Walks

An eco friendly house can actually walk. The latest invention derived from a collaborative effort between MIT and the Danish design collective N55 is a house that walks about five kilometers an hour similar to the walking speed of a human. The eco-friendly  prototype house powered by solar cells, miniature windmills and 6 legs walked around the campus of the Wysing Arts Centre in Cambridgeshire, England. It comprises of a kitchen, a composting toilet, a system for collecting rain water,...
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Revolutionary Invention Created to Build Human Organs

A new technology that  uses three dimensional human tissues to build organs. Organovo is an early-stage medical laboratory and research company which designs and develops three dimensional human tissue for medical research and therapeutic applications. The latest science invention from Organovo is a technology (novogen) which allows living tissue cells to be assembled into patterns and complex structures such as organs. Organovo has partnered with Invetech., a company based in Australia to...
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